Basically, electric bikes involve a motor-assisted ride. In most cases, it is a combination of a traditional bike with a battery and a motor that offers the ability to drive with the use of a pedal or a pedal-free ride, when the overall power required to start is supplied by the engine.
Electric bikes consist of a modified or customized pedal frame and an electric motor with a battery that helps to drive. This allows the driver to cycle through the pedal or to take advantage of the battery and engine power.
When the engine is selected, then there is no need for the driver to use the pedals, the bike goes like a scooter. On the other hand, the bike can be driven and pedal, but it is much easier to ride than a conventional bike since even in this case, the ride is partly supported by the engine, which depends on how strong the engine is (power ranges from 250 to 600 watts). Stronger bikes move faster and significantly facilitate riding on rises.
Electric bike kit – a set of equipment for converting your bike into an electric bike/bicycle with an electric motor. In the package for electric bicycle:
Dots, spokes, and batteries are not included. We recommend batteries with a minimum capacity of 7 Ah (about 30 minutes of driving).
The early history of electric motorcycles is still unclear. September 19, 1895, Ogden Bolton Jr. from Cantona (Ohio, USA) filed a patent application entitled “Electric Bicycle”. On November 8, the patent for “electric bicycle” was also filed by Hosea V. Libbie from Boston. In London, in 1896, at the Stanley Cycle Shove bicycle manufacturer, Humber exhibited an electric tandem bicycle. The engine is set in front of the rear end and is driven by several batteries.
Speed control was by means of resistance and was placed on the bicycle controller. The electric bicycle is mainly intended for racing use.
The October 1911 issue of Popular Mechanics magazine mentioned the introduction of an electric motorcycle. It is said to have a speed of 121 km to 160 km per charge. The motorcycle had a three-speed controller at a speed of 6.4 kilometers per hour, 24 kilometers per hour, and 56 kilometers per hour. In 1919, Ransomes, Sims, and Jefferies made a prototype of an electric motorcycle where the batteries were placed under the anchor seat. Although the vehicle was registered and intended for use on the roads, it has never been a test drive.
In 1936, Limelette brothers founded the Socovel electric motor company (Societe pour l’etude and Construction of Vehicles Electrikives or Electric Vehicle Research and Production Company) in Bruxelles. During the German occupation during World War II, they continued their production with their approval. Because of the rational and controlled fuel consumption at that time, they are a remarkable success. No, after the end of the war, they moved to more conventional models that were not powered by an electric motor. Electric models remained available until 1948.
During the Second World War, the United States was faced with the forced introduction of more rational fuel use, and Merle Williams of Long Beach, California, invented an electric motor that pulled a trailer with brakes. Due to the popularity of the vehicle, Williams has produced more than one such vehicle in its garage. All this together led to the founding of the company Marketeer Company (now Partap Corp.) in 1946.
Most of today’s motorcycles are powered by lithium-ion batteries that have the ability to recharge. While some earlier motorcycle models used nickel-hybrid batteries. Alternative battery types are also available.
All electric motorcycles are fully charged by connecting to ordinary wall sockets. Usually, the charging time is about 8 hours (most preferably overnight). Some manufacturers have come up with a CHAdeMO level 2 high-voltage charger, including battery or battery accessories, which can charge up to 95% per hour.
There are several experimental prototypes that use fuel cell technology. ENV is developed by Intelligent Energy as a proto-using hydrogen fuel cell. The motorcycle has a range of 160 km and can reach a speed of 80 km / h.
Electric and gasoline engines of the same size and mass are roughly comparable in their properties. In August 2013, Road and Track rated the top electric motorcycle as faster and better for handling than other conventional motorcycles. Electric motors have a better acceleration of 0 to 60 seconds since they are immediately able to develop a full torque without clutch immediately available.
Electric motorcycles carry major disadvantages with regard to driving distance, as the batteries can not store as much energy as the fuel tank can. Every distance achieved with one charging and higher than 210 km is considered an extremely long range.
Even with special equipment, battery charging lasts considerably longer than fuel tank charging, making electric bikes less flexible than their gasoline competitors. With the maximum number of chargers, it takes more than an hour to charge the Zero S ZF6.5 battery from 6.5 kWh to 95% capacity.
Charging time also increases with battery capacity. Battery Zero S ZF13.0, which has a capacity of 13 kWh, takes more than two hours to charge 95% capacity, with the maximum number of chargers. Although this is not a problem for traveling by electric motorcycle and overnight charging, this will be a major problem for long trips that require multiple charging during the trip.